Rising Stars of the Indian National Movement: Bihar's Indomitable Role in India's Independence Struggle

The Indian National Movement was a significant period of political and social upheaval in India that spanned several decades, ultimately leading to the country's independence from British rule in 1947. Bihar, one of India's northern states, played a crucial role in this movement. Here's an overview of the Indian National Movement and the role of Bihar:

Indian Nation Movement

Indian National Movement: 

The Indian National Movement was a series of efforts, protests and movements aimed at gaining independence from British colonial rule. It began in the late 19th century and continued until India achieved its independence in 1947. The movement was characterized by various approaches, from moderate methods advocating constitutional reforms to more radical forms of non-cooperation and civil disobedience.

Role of Bihar in the Indian National Movement: 

Bihar, with its rich history and deep cultural roots, actively participated in the struggle for independence.


The people of Bihar, like many other regions in India, became increasingly dissatisfied with British colonial policies, exploitation and discriminatory practices. The state witnessed numerous movements and contributions that significantly influenced the overall course of the Indian National Movement:

Champaran Satyagraha (1917): 

One of the earliest movements led by Mahatma Gandhi in India, the Champaran Satyagraha took place in the Champaran district of Bihar. It was a protest against the forced cultivation of indigo by British landlords on tenant farmers and it marked Gandhi's first successful experiment with non-violent resistance in India.

Non-Cooperation Movement: 

During the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1920-1922, Bihar actively participated in boycotts of British institutions, courts, schools and goods. The movement aimed to exert economic and political pressure on the British authorities.

Civil Disobedience Movement:


Bihar was also a significant participant in the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930-1934. There were widespread protests, boycotts and acts of civil disobedience against British salt laws and taxes. The Dandi March led by Gandhi further galvanized the movement across the country.

Quit India Movement: 

The Quit India Movement of 1942, which sought immediate British withdrawal from India, also saw significant participation from the people of Bihar. The movement faced severe repression from the British government, leading to mass arrests and demonstrations in Bihar.

Contribution of Bihar's Leaders: 

Several prominent leaders from Bihar played crucial roles in the Indian National Movement. Some notable figures include:

Dr. Rajendra Prasad: A prominent freedom fighter from Bihar, Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of independent India. 


Anugrah Narayan Sinha: 

A prominent leader in the Quit India Movement, Anugrah Narayan Sinha later became the first Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar.

Jayaprakash Narayan (JP): 

Known as "Lok Nayak" (people's leader), JP was a prominent freedom fighter and political leader from Bihar. He played a significant role in the Quit India Movement and later became a key figure in India's opposition politics.

Bihar's active involvement in the Indian National Movement exemplifies the widespread desire for independence and self-rule among the people of the state and the nation as a whole. The sacrifices and contributions made by the people of Bihar were instrumental in India's journey towards independence.

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